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Author Guidelines

1. The length of articles should be between 1,500 and 2,000 words. This amounts to about 3-5 pages in Word (Times New Roman, size 12 font, single spaced). This is a general guideline, but writers should focus more on making a succinct and thorough argument in their piece. Please ask your editor if you have questions about the appropriate length for your topic.

2. Please cite all information and ideas that are not your own. All quotations must be cited as well. The Pitt Political Review uses an amended version of Turabian. Please consult the Quick Citation Guide that appears later.

3. Use endnotes.

4. Proofread your paper.

5. Finally, plagiarism is not acceptable. Please see for a useful guide to avoiding plagiarism.


Quick Citation Guide

This is an adapted version of Turabian taken from


Type of Entry

Note Form (first note)*

Book--single author

1. Neil Sheehan, A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam (New York: Random House, 1988), 425.

Book--multiple authors

2. John E. Schwarz and Thomas J. Volgy, The Forgotten American (New York: Norton, 1992), 42.

Encyclopedia article

3. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th ed., s.v. "cold war."

Newspaper article

4. "The Wrong Issue in Bosnia," New York Times, 22 March 1996, sec. A, p. 26.

Magazine Article

5. David Ansen, "Spielberg's Obsession,"Newsweek, 20 December 1993, 112.

Journal article

6. Christopher Policano, "Dueling Colas,"Public Relations Journal41, no. 11 (1985): 16.

Article from online database

7. Patrick O'Driscoll, "Baggage Conveyor Takes Suitcase Taste Test," Denver Post, 20 February 1994, B3, in LEXIS/NEXIS [database on-line], NEWS library, DPOST file; accessed May 13, 1996.

Article from online database

8. John R. McRae, "Buddhism," Journal of Asian Studies 54, no. 2 (1995), in Periodical Abstracts Research [database on-line], UMI- Proquest, GALILEO; accessed May 13, 1996.

Document from CD-ROM

9. United Parcel Service, "1994 Report to Shareowners," 31 December 1994, in LaserD[CD-ROM] (Bethesda, MD: Disclosure, 1995).

Internet/World WideWeb site

10. Federal Election Commission,"Receipts of 1996 Presidential Pre-Nomination Campaigns"; Internet; accessed 13 May 1996.

*"The place in the text where a note is introduced, whether footnote or endnote, is marked with an arabic numeral typed slightly above the line (superscript)" (8.7). "Note numbers preceding the footnotes themselves are preferably typed on the line, followed by a period. If the computer system used generates footnotes with superscript numbers, however, that is also acceptable" (8.10).

Format for Additional Note References

"Once a work has been cited in complete form, later references to it are shortened. For this, either short titles or the Latin abbreviationibid. (for ibidem, "in the same place") should be used" (8.84).

Use this form after the first full reference when there are no  
intervening references:

2. Ibid.

Use this form when there are no intervening references and the  
reference is to a different page in the same work:

3. Ibid., 68.

Use this form when there are intervening references between the  
first full reference and this one (book and article titles may be  

12. Sheehan, Bright Shining Lie, 425.


13. Ansen, "Spielberg's Obsession," 116.



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

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      6. the Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.

  1. The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author’s breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 6 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher’s use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.


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